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Influences and policies that affect immunisation coverage - a review of literature

To provide adequate direct and indirect protection against vaccine-preventable diseases (VPD), a high proportion of the population needs to be immune. Specific immunity against certain diseases can be achieved through immunisation with vaccines or exposure to the pathogen itself. The aim of immunisation programmes is to generate immunity in individuals and within the community to prevent the spread of disease and to reduce the impact of such diseases.

Influences and policies that affect immunisation coverage - a summary review of literature

Effective national immunisation programmes require a high proportion of the population to be immunised. Although New Zealand has made significant progress towards immunisation goals over the last two decades, immunisation coverage remains inadequate to prevent intermittent outbreaks of disease and immunisation inequities persist between geographic, ethnic and socioeconomic groups.

The challenges and opportunities of translating best practice immunisation strategies among low performing general practices to reduce equity gaps in childhood immunisation coverage in New Zealand

Background: Immunisation coverage rates vary considerably at the local level across New Zealand and challenges remain with effectively translating best available research evidence into public health practice. This study aimed to translate best practices from high performing general practices into strategies to improve childhood immunisation coverage among low performing practices.