Vaccine storage and transportation
The Cold chain is a process used to maintain vaccines within the required temperature range. All vaccines in New Zealand must be stored between +2˚C to +8˚C, at all times during storage and transport. All immunisation providers are required to follow to the Ministry of Health National Standards for Vaccine Storage and Transportation for Immunisation Providers 2017 (2nd Edition) (National Standards).
*NEW* An addendum to the National Standards for Vaccine Storage and Transportation for Immunisation Providers 2017 (2nd Edition) – Addendum June 2021 provides national cold chain standards for management of the Pfizer-BionTech COVID-19 vaccine. The Standards apply to all immunisation providers once they have received the vaccine from the national store and must be read in conjunction with the National Standards.
See below for a quick overview of the vaccine cold chain in New Zealand (note the National Standards were updated in 2019, after this video was created).
Quick links to information on this page
- National Standards for Vaccine Storage and Transportation for Immunisation Providers 2017 (2nd Edition)
- Cold chain accreditation
- Cold chain for community pharmacies
- Vaccine Storage and Transportation Course (Free)
National Standards for Vaccine Storage and Transportation for Immunisation Providers 2017 (2nd Edition)
Updated in September 2019, this document defines the national standards for vaccine storage and transportation for all immunisation providers in New Zealand and outlines the requirements for providers to achieve the standards. The 2nd edition of these standards supercede the original National Standards for Vaccine Storage and Transportation for Immunisation Providers 2017.
Cold chain accreditation (CCA) is a Ministry of Health process for practices/providers to demonstrate it has appropriate cold chain management practices and processes in place to the requirements outlined in the National Standards. All Immunisation providers must be able to demonstrate they meet the requirement to hold CCA prior to offering an immunisation service and any point while offering an immunisation programme and effective management of vaccine stocks in the cold chain, as required by existing national standards.
The CCA provider self-assessment form and CCA immunisation provider review form are available on the Ministry of Health National Immunisation Programme cold chain management webpage www.health.govt.nz/coldchain.
Assessment/audit of cold chain management in pharmacies is regulated as part of the pharmacy licensing framework administered by Medicines Control.
Community pharmacies who are offering or who plan to offer vaccination services are responsible for complying with all requirements within the National Standards (including appropriate equipment, monitoring, recording, and policies and procedures) outlined in the National Standards for Vaccine Storage and Transportation for Immunisation Providers 2017 (2nd Edition).
Immunisation Coordinators continue to provide community pharmacies with:
- Cold chain advice (e.g. when purchasing new cold chain equipment)
- Assistance with cold chain breaches
- Clinical assessments for pharmacists who have completed their vaccination training course
- Three yearly spatial logging of pharmaceutical refrigerators.
The Ministry of Health has produced fact sheets for pharmacists and for Immunisation Coordinators:
The Ministry of Health has a page dedicated to cold chain.
Annual cold chain management record (updated February 2020)
The Annual Cold Chain Management Record is a tool for immunisation providers. The information recorded in the Record is based on the requirements in the National Standards for Vaccine Storage and Transportation for Immunisation Providers 2017 (2nd Edition).
The Ministry of Health created a Cold Chain Management Policy template to assist immunisation providers to develop their individualised policy, an essential requirement for Cold Chain Accreditation.
This template can be used to ensure your cold chain folder contains the recommended contents and modified to show any additional 'practice specific' resources in your folder.
Use this template to help design your 'provider specific' cold chain orientation process for new clinical staff who offer or support immunisation services.
Download a template for an easy to use Vaccine Register, updated October 2018.
This fact sheet summarises the most important requirements for maintenance of the vaccine cold chain.
This fact sheet introduces the requirements for the storage and monitoring of vaccines at off-site clinics to ensure maintenance of the cold chain.
This flow chart explains the process for handling Cold Chain temperature breaches.
Download a template for recording chilly bin temperatures during an off-site clinic.
This document explains how vaccine can be managed in the cold chain when stored in chilly bins and provides information and results from tests of current and alternative cold chain equipment and processes used for mobile/offsite immunisations. The packing protocol details best practice guidelines arising from the products tested as part of the COOL Project. Providers using alternative packing methods and equipment can continue to do so provided that the National Standards for Vaccine Storage and Transportation for Immunisation Providers 2017 (2nd Edition) are adhered to.
If you are a cold chain lead for your provider or interested in knowing more about cold chain, you can complete the free, 1-hour, online Vaccine Storage and Transportation course. Follow this link: https://lmsnew.conectus.org.nz. If you have any queries please contact [email protected] or telephone the education administration team on 0800 882 873.
Packing a chilly bin
Here's a video explaining the use of chilly bins for off-site vaccination clinics